Tyrconnell was the ancient name.
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Republic of Ireland), Donegal, county in northern Republic of Ireland,
northernmost in the country, in Ulster Province, bounded on the north and west
by the Atlantic
is mountainous and boggy and has many small lakes and rivers. Numerous islands
lie off the long and deeply indented shoreline of the
county. The soil is not fertile; small crops of barley and wheat are
grown in cultivated areas. About 35 percent of the land is
in pasture, and cattle, sheep, and poultry are raised
extensively. The chief manufactures are linens, muslins, and woolens,
including the well-known Donegal homespun. The county has
sandstone and granite quarries and important deep-sea and salmon
fisheries. Donegal in ancient times was called Tyrconnell,
and sometimes O'Donnell's country, after the family that ruled much of the
area before the 17th century. Along the coast are many ruins of castles,
including that of the early northern Irish kings, at the
head of Lough Swilly, and Kilbarron Castle, near Ballyshannon. The county town
is Lifford. Area, 4830 sq km (1865 sq mi); population (1991) 128,117. [From
"Donegal (county, Republic of Ireland)," Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98
Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.]